The sterility of working areas and instruments used in medicine, and thus in dental practices, is a key moment in ensuring perfect hygiene. In fact, sterilisation prevents the transfer of pathogens and allows repeated usage of medical instruments and implements. The sterilisation process which eliminates all pathogens is nowadays carried out with medical sterilisers.
A type of steriliser is called autoclave or steam steriliser which uses high pressure steam heated between 130 and 160°C. The instruments that need sterilisation are placed within the autoclave’s chamber where they will be exposed to pressurised steam.
Instruments treated in this way are perfectly sterile and ready to be used within the clinic, while before any subsequent usage the autoclave procedure will be repeated.